Bolivia History

Bolivia’s history may start in Tiwanaku, about 1,000 B.C. This civilization is well known for its sophisticated and highly productive agricultural system, not to mention its unmatched buildings and monuments. The empire was also an important religious center and it began to spread across the Andes, but its population suddenly and dramatically disappeared. Some suggest it was due a cataclysmic earthquake, but others say it was due to a foreign invasion. The territory was later succeeded by the Aymara, who were also important producers of gold and Silver through the Altiplano, making it one of the wealthiest regions in the Andes. The empire was growing and it seems there was a competition with the Southern Peru empire the Incas. Both kingdoms tried to leave peacefully on the same territory, but the Aymara rose in revolt around Lake Titicaca, which caused the Inca Empire to dispatch a great army from Cusco to crush the rebellion. As a result, the Inca were in control of the Altiplano and much of Bolivia until the arrival of the Spanish Conquerors that ended being a catastrophic end for the Inca civilization. The Spanish colonial rule lasted for about three centuries and it left mark on the nation’s language, religion and architecture. Despite catholic religion, bolivians still have ancient rituals to Mother Earth and they still speak indigenous languages across the country. Bolivia became independent in 1825, since then, it has lost almost half its territory including the Pacific Ocean Coast. The reason is related to weak governments and aggressive design neighbors who take advantage of that. Several border disputes have dominated the nation’s history and left it a landlocked country. The consequence: a distant and peripheral land where undevelopment is the first thing you notice. However, such undevelopment may be a blessing in disguise for the environment, allowing vast wilderness areas to survive in a near pristine condition.

Source: The rough guide to Bolivia, February 2008